A definition of web hosting
As its name indicates, web hosting is a service, which entails hosting online content. There are various forms and kinds of hosting, based on the goals and on the functions. However, they all involve hosting files, which, once hosted, are made accessible throughout the Web. A host is actually a web hosting service that is connected to the Internet and has its own IP address, which enables people to access it via the Internet. The web server's architecture and its resources are subject to the type of web hosting service it's going to be utilized for.
What are the various forms of web hosting?
Based on the objective, the web hosting service may be:
File Web Hosting - this type of web hosting enables the users to save their files on a given hosting server. With the average file hosting solution, the files that are accommodated may only be accessed by the client that's using the service. This web hosting solution mainly includes backups of PCs , documents, private files and even other hosting servers. This service may also involve given restrictions when it comes to the server storage space and the root privileges. There may also be bandwidth limits, but that is dependent on the actual hosting service provider.
Warez Hosting - the so-called warez web hosting service is very similar to the previous web hosting service form. Even so, unlike the file web hosting solution, the warez hosting solution is used for distributing patented work without the sanction of the copyright holder. To put it briefly - it pertains to the illegal distribution of files and materials. There are numerous methods for this to be performed, but the two essential methods are - via simple Hypertext Transfer Protocol downloading and through P2P connections. The first one involves either a given web site, or, most typically, just a directory on a web hosting server that's been made available for everyone to access it and thus download copyrighted files free of cost. The second way entails a peer-to-peer connection, utilizing the so-called Torrent servers, via which users exchange files between each other. There are just a few webspace hosting companies that allow such form of web hosting on their web servers, mainly because of all the legal troubles that it entails. Generally such web portals are hosted on private dedicated web hosting servers that are registered by third-party enterprises either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Mail Hosting - this solution is applicable with both shared web space hosting and dedicated hosting servers, depending on the customer's intention. If you want to set up your own private SMTP mail server, then you will need either a private virtual hosting server or a dedicated server that provides the access level required to complete such an operation. For normal electronic mail web hosting purposes, though, you can open a normal shared webspace hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain name. This is not a solution that's widely used, because the web site hosting and the email hosting services are being served by two separate web servers, usually owned by separate web hosts.
Web Page Hosting - the most popular and extensively used hosting service these days. It's used for hosting site files, whose kind is determined by the Operating System the web server is using - Linux or Windows. Different kinds of files request concrete web server OSs, or else they won't be exhibited appropriately on the World Wide Web. This type of hosting may have storage space and traffic limitations, root-level access and CPU usage limitations.
Depending on the mission and on the usage, the client should pick the kind of server that he demands for his project, and, of course, the hosting vendor that's going to supply it. There are different sorts of web hosting servers, based on the specs and the web space hosting services that they offer. These are:
Shared Web Hosting Server - a shared web space hosting server offers a smaller amount of system resources, which, of course, reflects on the price of the service. It can be utilized for hosting small scale and medium sized websites, which do not require huge quantities of web storage and traffic.
Semi-Dedicated Hosting - they function on the same principle as the shared web site hosting servers. However, there are much fewer clients accommodated on the same hosting server. For that reason, each of them will have a bigger quota of the hosting server's resources like RAM, disk storage space, web traffic and CPU. Perfect for hosting popular web portals that do not need server root access.
VPS hosting - the Virtual Private Servers are ideal for middle sized web portals, which do require root access to the server's config files. Generally, there are a number of private virtual server hosting accounts hosted on the same server. Nonetheless, each of them is independent from the other ones and runs its own OS.
Dedicated Server Hosting - a completely dedicated server configured and accessed by you and only you. It guarantees a vast quantity of resources. It also gives complete root access, which makes it an excellent solution for any kind of web portal that needs a hosting service.
The only question that remains is:
Which website hosting vendor should I settle on?
As already mentioned, there are very few providers providing warez hosting services because of legal problems. Such web hosts are being closed down virtually every month. That is why, if you wish to set up such a service, you should do it on your own computer. The shared website hosting solution is the most widely spread type of hosting service. For that reason, every site hosting supplier offers it. Not all of them, though, provide solutions such as virtual private hosting servers, semi-dedicated web hosting servers and dedicated web hosting servers. Most of the small scale web hosting suppliers do not have the resources demanded for maintaining those solutions. Because of that it's invariably best to settle on a larger web host that can supply its clients with all the solutions that they need. You can effortlessly identify such web hosting companies by the sorts of services that they are supplying and by the way that they introduce them to the clients. For example, some hosts allow you to kick off with a smaller web hosting plan and subsequently upgrade to a more advanced one, if you consider it necessary to do so. This is quite convenient, because you do not have to migrate web sites between web servers and there is no danger of facing downtime because of all the complications that may take place. Web hosting companies such as Exclusive Hosting offer all types of solutions and have the necessary web hosting server resources and staff to assure that their customers will not stumble upon any predicaments when swapping services, which is what a top hosting company is in fact all about.